Alpine

Points 173 Position Team 4 Power Unit Renault
Founded 2021 Based Enstone

In and out of Formula 1 since 2002, at least as a works team, Renault hoped a change of name to Alpine - Renault's sports car brand - will help them find their feet again, and it partially paid dividends in 2021.

Having been an engine manufacturer in the late 1970s to the mid-'80s, Renault finally took the plunge and entered Formula 1 as a works team in 2002.

Rebranding the Benetton team with Flavio Briatore at the helm, the team had a successful debut campaign as it finished fourth in the championship.

Three years later Renault won the first of two World titles with Fernando Alonso taking the Drivers' crown while, together with Giancarlo Fisichella, they also wrapped up the Constructors'.

There was a repeat performance the following season before Alonso left and Renault had a winless 2007 campaign.

The Spaniard returned in 2008, playing a role in Renault's most controversial moment in Formula1.

Although not known at the time, Alonso won the inaugural Singapore Grand Prix when his then team-mate Nelson Piquet Jr was ordered to crash his car thus helping his team-mate to the win.

Piquet Jr spilled the beans when he lost his drive, resulting in a PR nightmare for Renault and the banning of Briatore in what became known infamously as "Crashgate".

2008 marked Renault's final year as F1 race winners with Alonso also taking P1 at Suzuka later in the season.

After several barren years, the team was eventually sold to Lotus, who ran it from 2012 to 2015, before Renault bought it back in the hope of repeating past glory. As yet, they have not.

There were signs of improvement in 2019 with Daniel Ricciardo and Nico Hulkenberg fourth and fifth at the Italian GP. However, for every step forward Renault took on the race track, it seemed to be followed by one back.

2020 though brought a change of line-up with Ricciardo and Esteban Ocon flying the flag for Renault, and with it came a change in fortune.

Ricciardo would end Renault's wait for a podium since returning to Formula 1 with P3 at the Eifel and Emilia Romagna GPs, while Ocon lifted the mounting pressure on himself with P2 at the Sakhir Grand Prix.

Renault would come out on the losing end of a very tight battle for P3, ultimately ending the campaign P5 in the Constructors' Championship. However, after more than doubling their 2019 tally, finally Renault had taken that big step forward.

It wasn't enough to keep Ricciardo for 2021, but in his place Renault got their two-time World Champion Alonso back for a third stint with the team, while they also got a new identity.

The rebrand to Alpine followed and, while the team finished P5 once again in the Constructors' standings, Team Enstone finally got a monkey off their backs by Ocon taking a brilliant victory in mixed conditions in Hungary, aided by Alonso's superb defending against a charging Lewis Hamilton.

Alonso would see himself back on the Formula 1 podium for the first time since 2013, too, by taking a deserved P3 in the sport's first visit to Qatar later in the year.

As for what happens next, 'El Plan' is certainly to see the team get back to the front and, potentially, enable Alonso to chase a third World title.